Personality types according to Myers and Briggs
Personality types are a categorization system of people, based on their tendencies to think and act in a certain way. Personality categorization explains the most important differences between people and it groups people with the same qualities.
A personality categorization is that of Isabel Briggs Myers and her mother Katharine Briggs. Their theory, based on the work of psychologist Carl Jung, has expanded further to create a more complete frame of personality categorization. The Myers and Briggs personality test measures the candidate's personal preferences. This test contains questions related to the way of how a person functions (for example, how do you prefer to make decisions?). Myers and Briggs have proposed four elementary dimensions that can be used to categorize people:
- Introversion vs Extroversion
- Feelings vs Intuition
- Thinking vs Feeling
- Judgment vs Perception
Generally, “Perception” contains all the ways we become aware of things, people, events, or ideas. “Judgment” contains all the ways from which we draw conclusions about what we have perceived. If people differ systematically in what they have perceived and how they draw conclusions, then it is reasonable that they differ in interests, reactions, values, motives, and their abilities.
Every person belongs to one of the dichotomies of these four dimensions:
- I/E: Introversion or Extroversion
This dimension describes how a person manages its energy.
Introverts fill with energy by spending time alone or with little groups of people. These people tend to be more reserved and lost in thoughts.
Extroverts gain energy in noisy environments and filled with people, with whom they spend time.
- S/I: Understanding through senses or intuition
This dimension describes how a person processes information
Those who understand through senses are focused on the information they take directly from the five senses, so, the information they see, hear, touch and so on.
Intuitive people focus more on the abstract way of thinking. They are more interested in different theories, models, and explanations. Usually, they are more preoccupied with the future rather than the present, and they’re described as “creative.”
Since people who focus on senses percept only base information, intuitive people add meaning to it and interpret it by their beliefs.
- T/F: Thinking or feeling
This dimension describes how people make decisions.
Thinkers tend to make decisions based on logic and reason. In a figurative way, these people are said to decide with their mind.
Feelers tend to make decisions with heart, they are interested in that how a decision impacts other and if this decision matches their values.
So, thinkers are based more in consistency and logic, meanwhile, feelers make decisions by being more careful about others’ feelings.
- J/P: Judgment or perception
This dimension explains how people approach structures in their lives.
Judgers appreciate the structure and order. These people like planned things and they don’t like changes at the last minute.
Perceivers appreciate flexibility and spontaneity. These people like to have open plans in order to have the possibility of changing their mind.
There are a lot of versions of this online test. In every question, after proving an answer, you will be given a code with each letter of the four dimensions. According to the code, you can find a description of your personality.
The Myers and Briggs online tests can be found in these links:
The descriptions of your personalities according to the codes can be found in this link:Shkarko PDF